Spring框架系列(10) - Spring AOP实现原理详解之AOP代理的创建

上文我们介绍了Spring AOP原理解析的切面实现过程(将切面类的所有切面方法根据使用的注解生成对应Advice,并将Advice连同切入点匹配器和切面类等信息一并封装到Advisor)。本文在此基础上继续介绍,代理(cglib代理和JDK代理)的创建过程。@pdai

引入

前文主要Spring AOP原理解析的切面实现过程(加载配置,将切面类的所有切面方法根据使用的注解生成对应Advice,并将Advice连同切入点匹配器和切面类等信息一并封装到Advisor)。

同时我们也总结了Spring AOP初始化的过程,具体如下:

  1. IOC Bean加载方法栈中找到parseCustomElement方法,找到parse aop:aspectj-autoproxy的handler(org.springframework.aop.config.AopNamespaceHandler)
  2. AopNamespaceHandler注册了<aop:aspectj-autoproxy/>的解析类是AspectJAutoProxyBeanDefinitionParser
  3. AspectJAutoProxyBeanDefinitionParser的parse 方法 通过AspectJAwareAdvisorAutoProxyCreator类去创建
  4. AspectJAwareAdvisorAutoProxyCreator实现了两类接口,BeanFactoryAware和BeanPostProcessor;根据Bean生命周期方法找到两个核心方法:postProcessBeforeInstantiation和postProcessAfterInitialization
    1. postProcessBeforeInstantiation:主要是处理使用了@Aspect注解的切面类,然后将切面类的所有切面方法根据使用的注解生成对应Advice,并将Advice连同切入点匹配器和切面类等信息一并封装到Advisor
    2. postProcessAfterInitialization:主要负责将Advisor注入到合适的位置,创建代理(cglib或jdk),为后面给代理进行增强实现做准备。

本文接着介绍postProcessAfterInitialization的方法,即Spring AOP的代理(cglib或jdk)的创建过程。

代理的创建

创建代理的方法是postProcessAfterInitialization:如果bean被子类标识为代理,则使用配置的拦截器创建一个代理

/**
  * Create a proxy with the configured interceptors if the bean is
  * identified as one to proxy by the subclass.
  * @see #getAdvicesAndAdvisorsForBean
  */
@Override
public Object postProcessAfterInitialization(@Nullable Object bean, String beanName) {
  if (bean != null) {
    Object cacheKey = getCacheKey(bean.getClass(), beanName);
    // 如果不是提前暴露的代理
    if (this.earlyProxyReferences.remove(cacheKey) != bean) {
      return wrapIfNecessary(bean, beanName, cacheKey);
    }
  }
  return bean;
}
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wrapIfNecessary方法主要用于判断是否需要创建代理,如果Bean能够获取到advisor才需要创建代理

/**
  * Wrap the given bean if necessary, i.e. if it is eligible for being proxied.
  * @param bean the raw bean instance
  * @param beanName the name of the bean
  * @param cacheKey the cache key for metadata access
  * @return a proxy wrapping the bean, or the raw bean instance as-is
  */
protected Object wrapIfNecessary(Object bean, String beanName, Object cacheKey) {
   // 如果bean是通过TargetSource接口获取
   if (beanName != null && this.targetSourcedBeans.contains(beanName)) {
      return bean;
   }
   // 如果bean是切面类
   if (Boolean.FALSE.equals(this.advisedBeans.get(cacheKey))) {
      return bean;
   }
   // 如果是aop基础类?是否跳过?
   if (isInfrastructureClass(bean.getClass()) || shouldSkip(bean.getClass(), beanName)) {
      this.advisedBeans.put(cacheKey, Boolean.FALSE);
      return bean;
   }

  // 重点:获取所有advisor,如果没有获取到,那说明不要进行增强,也就不需要代理了。
  Object[] specificInterceptors = getAdvicesAndAdvisorsForBean(bean.getClass(), beanName, null);
  if (specificInterceptors != DO_NOT_PROXY) {
    this.advisedBeans.put(cacheKey, Boolean.TRUE);
    // 重点:创建代理
    Object proxy = createProxy(
        bean.getClass(), beanName, specificInterceptors, new SingletonTargetSource(bean));
    this.proxyTypes.put(cacheKey, proxy.getClass());
    return proxy;
  }

  this.advisedBeans.put(cacheKey, Boolean.FALSE);
  return bean;
}
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获取所有的Advisor

我们看下获取所有advisor的方法getAdvicesAndAdvisorsForBean

@Override
@Nullable
protected Object[] getAdvicesAndAdvisorsForBean(
    Class<?> beanClass, String beanName, @Nullable TargetSource targetSource) {

  List<Advisor> advisors = findEligibleAdvisors(beanClass, beanName);
  if (advisors.isEmpty()) {
    return DO_NOT_PROXY;
  }
  return advisors.toArray();
}
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通过findEligibleAdvisors方法获取advisor, 如果获取不到返回DO_NOT_PROXY(不需要创建代理),findEligibleAdvisors方法如下

/**
  * Find all eligible Advisors for auto-proxying this class.
  * @param beanClass the clazz to find advisors for
  * @param beanName the name of the currently proxied bean
  * @return the empty List, not {@code null},
  * if there are no pointcuts or interceptors
  * @see #findCandidateAdvisors
  * @see #sortAdvisors
  * @see #extendAdvisors
  */
protected List<Advisor> findEligibleAdvisors(Class<?> beanClass, String beanName) {
  // 和上文一样,获取所有切面类的切面方法生成Advisor
  List<Advisor> candidateAdvisors = findCandidateAdvisors();
  // 找到这些Advisor中能够应用于beanClass的Advisor
  List<Advisor> eligibleAdvisors = findAdvisorsThatCanApply(candidateAdvisors, beanClass, beanName);
  // 如果需要,交给子类拓展
  extendAdvisors(eligibleAdvisors);
  // 对Advisor排序
  if (!eligibleAdvisors.isEmpty()) {
    eligibleAdvisors = sortAdvisors(eligibleAdvisors);
  }
  return eligibleAdvisors;
}
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获取所有切面类的切面方法生成Advisor

/**
  * Find all candidate Advisors to use in auto-proxying.
  * @return the List of candidate Advisors
  */
protected List<Advisor> findCandidateAdvisors() {
  Assert.state(this.advisorRetrievalHelper != null, "No BeanFactoryAdvisorRetrievalHelper available");
  return this.advisorRetrievalHelper.findAdvisorBeans();
}
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找到这些Advisor中能够应用于beanClass的Advisor

/**
  * Determine the sublist of the {@code candidateAdvisors} list
  * that is applicable to the given class.
  * @param candidateAdvisors the Advisors to evaluate
  * @param clazz the target class
  * @return sublist of Advisors that can apply to an object of the given class
  * (may be the incoming List as-is)
  */
public static List<Advisor> findAdvisorsThatCanApply(List<Advisor> candidateAdvisors, Class<?> clazz) {
  if (candidateAdvisors.isEmpty()) {
    return candidateAdvisors;
  }
  List<Advisor> eligibleAdvisors = new ArrayList<>();
  for (Advisor candidate : candidateAdvisors) {
    // 通过Introduction实现的advice
    if (candidate instanceof IntroductionAdvisor && canApply(candidate, clazz)) {
      eligibleAdvisors.add(candidate);
    }
  }
  boolean hasIntroductions = !eligibleAdvisors.isEmpty();
  for (Advisor candidate : candidateAdvisors) {
    if (candidate instanceof IntroductionAdvisor) {
      // already processed
      continue;
    }
    // 是否能够应用于clazz的Advice
    if (canApply(candidate, clazz, hasIntroductions)) {
      eligibleAdvisors.add(candidate);
    }
  }
  return eligibleAdvisors;
}
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创建代理的入口方法

获取所有advisor后,如果有advisor,则说明需要增强,即需要创建代理,创建代理的方法如下:

/**
  * Create an AOP proxy for the given bean.
  * @param beanClass the class of the bean
  * @param beanName the name of the bean
  * @param specificInterceptors the set of interceptors that is
  * specific to this bean (may be empty, but not null)
  * @param targetSource the TargetSource for the proxy,
  * already pre-configured to access the bean
  * @return the AOP proxy for the bean
  * @see #buildAdvisors
  */
protected Object createProxy(Class<?> beanClass, @Nullable String beanName,
    @Nullable Object[] specificInterceptors, TargetSource targetSource) {

  if (this.beanFactory instanceof ConfigurableListableBeanFactory) {
    AutoProxyUtils.exposeTargetClass((ConfigurableListableBeanFactory) this.beanFactory, beanName, beanClass);
  }

  ProxyFactory proxyFactory = new ProxyFactory();
  proxyFactory.copyFrom(this);

  if (proxyFactory.isProxyTargetClass()) {
    // Explicit handling of JDK proxy targets (for introduction advice scenarios)
    if (Proxy.isProxyClass(beanClass)) {
      // Must allow for introductions; can't just set interfaces to the proxy's interfaces only.
      for (Class<?> ifc : beanClass.getInterfaces()) {
        proxyFactory.addInterface(ifc);
      }
    }
  }
  else {
    // No proxyTargetClass flag enforced, let's apply our default checks...
    if (shouldProxyTargetClass(beanClass, beanName)) {
      proxyFactory.setProxyTargetClass(true);
    }
    else {
      evaluateProxyInterfaces(beanClass, proxyFactory);
    }
  }

  Advisor[] advisors = buildAdvisors(beanName, specificInterceptors);
  proxyFactory.addAdvisors(advisors);
  proxyFactory.setTargetSource(targetSource);
  customizeProxyFactory(proxyFactory);

  proxyFactory.setFrozen(this.freezeProxy);
  if (advisorsPreFiltered()) {
    proxyFactory.setPreFiltered(true);
  }

  // Use original ClassLoader if bean class not locally loaded in overriding class loader
  ClassLoader classLoader = getProxyClassLoader();
  if (classLoader instanceof SmartClassLoader && classLoader != beanClass.getClassLoader()) {
    classLoader = ((SmartClassLoader) classLoader).getOriginalClassLoader();
  }
  return proxyFactory.getProxy(classLoader);
}
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proxyFactory.getProxy(classLoader)

/**
  * Create a new proxy according to the settings in this factory.
  * <p>Can be called repeatedly. Effect will vary if we've added
  * or removed interfaces. Can add and remove interceptors.
  * <p>Uses the given class loader (if necessary for proxy creation).
  * @param classLoader the class loader to create the proxy with
  * (or {@code null} for the low-level proxy facility's default)
  * @return the proxy object
  */
public Object getProxy(@Nullable ClassLoader classLoader) {
  return createAopProxy().getProxy(classLoader);
}
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依据条件创建代理(jdk或cglib)

DefaultAopProxyFactory.createAopProxy

@Override
public AopProxy createAopProxy(AdvisedSupport config) throws AopConfigException {
  if (!NativeDetector.inNativeImage() &&
      (config.isOptimize() || config.isProxyTargetClass() || hasNoUserSuppliedProxyInterfaces(config))) {
    Class<?> targetClass = config.getTargetClass();
    if (targetClass == null) {
      throw new AopConfigException("TargetSource cannot determine target class: " +
          "Either an interface or a target is required for proxy creation.");
    }
    if (targetClass.isInterface() || Proxy.isProxyClass(targetClass)) {
      return new JdkDynamicAopProxy(config);
    }
    return new ObjenesisCglibAopProxy(config);
  }
  else {
    return new JdkDynamicAopProxy(config);
  }
}
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几个要点

  • config.isOptimize() 是通过optimize设置,表示配置是自定义的,默认是false;
  • config.isProxyTargetClass()是通过<aop:config proxy-target-class="true" />来配置的,表示优先使用cglib代理,默认是false;
  • hasNoUserSuppliedProxyInterfaces(config) 表示是否目标类实现了接口

由此我们可以知道:

Spring默认在目标类实现接口时是通过JDK代理实现的,只有非接口的是通过Cglib代理实现的。当设置proxy-target-class为true时在目标类不是接口或者代理类时优先使用cglib代理实现。

更多文章

首先, 从Spring框架的整体架构和组成对整体框架有个认知。

其次,通过案例引出Spring的核心(IoC和AOP),同时对IoC和AOP进行案例使用分析。

基于Spring框架和IOC,AOP的基础,为构建上层web应用,需要进一步学习SpringMVC。

  • Spring基础 - SpringMVC请求流程和案例 (opens new window)
    • 前文我们介绍了Spring框架和Spring框架中最为重要的两个技术点(IOC和AOP),那我们如何更好的构建上层的应用呢(比如web 应用),这便是SpringMVC;Spring MVC是Spring在Spring Container Core和AOP等技术基础上,遵循上述Web MVC的规范推出的web开发框架,目的是为了简化Java栈的web开发。 本文主要介绍SpringMVC的请求流程和基础案例的编写和运行。

Spring进阶 - IoC,AOP以及SpringMVC的源码分析

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