结构型 - 桥接(Bridge)

桥接模式(Bridge pattern): 使用桥接模式通过将实现和抽象放在两个不同的类层次中而使它们可以独立改变。@pdai

意图

将抽象与实现分离开来,使它们可以独立变化。

类图

  • Abstraction: 定义抽象类的接口
  • Implementor: 定义实现类接口

实现

RemoteControl 表示遥控器,指代 Abstraction。

TV 表示电视,指代 Implementor。

桥接模式将遥控器和电视分离开来,从而可以独立改变遥控器或者电视的实现。

public abstract class TV {
    public abstract void on();

    public abstract void off();

    public abstract void tuneChannel();
}
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public class Sony extends TV {
    @Override
    public void on() {
        System.out.println("Sony.on()");
    }

    @Override
    public void off() {
        System.out.println("Sony.off()");
    }

    @Override
    public void tuneChannel() {
        System.out.println("Sony.tuneChannel()");
    }
}
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public class RCA extends TV {
    @Override
    public void on() {
        System.out.println("RCA.on()");
    }

    @Override
    public void off() {
        System.out.println("RCA.off()");
    }

    @Override
    public void tuneChannel() {
        System.out.println("RCA.tuneChannel()");
    }
}
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public abstract class RemoteControl {
    protected TV tv;

    public RemoteControl(TV tv) {
        this.tv = tv;
    }

    public abstract void on();

    public abstract void off();

    public abstract void tuneChannel();
}
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public class ConcreteRemoteControl1 extends RemoteControl {
    public ConcreteRemoteControl1(TV tv) {
        super(tv);
    }

    @Override
    public void on() {
        System.out.println("ConcreteRemoteControl1.on()");
        tv.on();
    }

    @Override
    public void off() {
        System.out.println("ConcreteRemoteControl1.off()");
        tv.off();
    }

    @Override
    public void tuneChannel() {
        System.out.println("ConcreteRemoteControl1.tuneChannel()");
        tv.tuneChannel();
    }
}
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public class ConcreteRemoteControl2 extends RemoteControl {
    public ConcreteRemoteControl2(TV tv) {
        super(tv);
    }

    @Override
    public void on() {
        System.out.println("ConcreteRemoteControl2.on()");
        tv.on();
    }

    @Override
    public void off() {
        System.out.println("ConcreteRemoteControl2.off()");
        tv.off();
    }

    @Override
    public void tuneChannel() {
        System.out.println("ConcreteRemoteControl2.tuneChannel()");
        tv.tuneChannel();
    }
}
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public class Client {
    public static void main(String[] args) {
        RemoteControl remoteControl1 = new ConcreteRemoteControl1(new RCA());
        remoteControl1.on();
        remoteControl1.off();
        remoteControl1.tuneChannel();
    }
}
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JDK

  • AWT (It provides an abstraction layer which maps onto the native OS the windowing support.)
  • JDBC

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