行为型 - 解释器(Interpreter)

解释器模式(Interpreter pattern): 使用解释器模式为语言创建解释器,通常由语言的语法和语法分析来定义。@pdai

意图

为语言创建解释器,通常由语言的语法和语法分析来定义。

类图

  • TerminalExpression: 终结符表达式,每个终结符都需要一个 TerminalExpression
  • Context: 上下文,包含解释器之外的一些全局信息

实现

以下是一个规则检验器实现,具有 and 和 or 规则,通过规则可以构建一颗解析树,用来检验一个文本是否满足解析树定义的规则。

例如一颗解析树为 D And (A Or (B C)),文本 "D A" 满足该解析树定义的规则。

这里的 Context 指的是 String。

public abstract class Expression {
    public abstract boolean interpret(String str);
}
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public class TerminalExpression extends Expression {

    private String literal = null;

    public TerminalExpression(String str) {
        literal = str;
    }

    public boolean interpret(String str) {
        StringTokenizer st = new StringTokenizer(str);
        while (st.hasMoreTokens()) {
            String test = st.nextToken();
            if (test.equals(literal)) {
                return true;
            }
        }
        return false;
    }
}
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public class AndExpression extends Expression {

    private Expression expression1 = null;
    private Expression expression2 = null;

    public AndExpression(Expression expression1, Expression expression2) {
        this.expression1 = expression1;
        this.expression2 = expression2;
    }

    public boolean interpret(String str) {
        return expression1.interpret(str) && expression2.interpret(str);
    }
}
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public class OrExpression extends Expression {
    private Expression expression1 = null;
    private Expression expression2 = null;

    public OrExpression(Expression expression1, Expression expression2) {
        this.expression1 = expression1;
        this.expression2 = expression2;
    }

    public boolean interpret(String str) {
        return expression1.interpret(str) || expression2.interpret(str);
    }
}
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public class Client {

    /**
     * 构建解析树
     */
    public static Expression buildInterpreterTree() {
        // Literal
        Expression terminal1 = new TerminalExpression("A");
        Expression terminal2 = new TerminalExpression("B");
        Expression terminal3 = new TerminalExpression("C");
        Expression terminal4 = new TerminalExpression("D");
        // B C
        Expression alternation1 = new OrExpression(terminal2, terminal3);
        // A Or (B C)
        Expression alternation2 = new OrExpression(terminal1, alternation1);
        // D And (A Or (B C))
        return new AndExpression(terminal4, alternation2);
    }

    public static void main(String[] args) {
        Expression define = buildInterpreterTree();
        String context1 = "D A";
        String context2 = "A B";
        System.out.println(define.interpret(context1));
        System.out.println(define.interpret(context2));
    }
}
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true
false
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